Symptoms Of High Blood Sugar And Ways To Lower It
High blood sugar is a condition when excess glucose builds up in your bloodstream. Glucose provides energy to your brain, muscles and organs. But it cannot fulfill its function until it enters the cells. Insulin unlocks your cells, helping glucose to enter them.
If your pancreas does not produce insulin (Type 1 Diabetes) or your body does not respond to insulin properly (Type 2 Diabetes) . Glucose floats in your blood with nowhere to go. Over time such condition causes damage to your blood vessels, nerves and organs.
Why it is so important to spot the first warning signs ?
As your blood sugar level rises, elevated norepinephrine levels constrict the blood vessels causing headaches.
- Frequent urination and thirst
Excess sugar causes more fluids to pass through your kidneys, increasing urinary frequency. That result to increased thirst even if you drink enough liquids.
- Blurred Vision
When blood sugar is high, your blood gets thicker and pulls in more fluid from tissues including the eye lenses. The lenses change their shape and your ability to see gets worse. It may be a temporary problem that occurs only after high-carb meal.
- Slow wound healing
High blood sugar prevents your immune system from working properly and increases inflammation in your cells. That’s why your wounds heal too slowly.
- Sudden weight loss
Your cells do not get enough glucose to fulfill their functions. Because of this, your body starts to burn your muscles and fat to get the necessary energy.
It is another problem caused by the lack of energy. You are always tired because your cells starve of glucose.
If you have noticed some of the mentioned symptoms, consult your doctor immediately.
To prevent high blood sugar levels,
- Count your carbs, set a maximum amount of carbs for each meal. To stabilize your blood sugar levels.
- Pay attention to the glycemic index (GI). Foods with high GI affect your blood sugar more than foods with low GI.
- Consult a nutritionist for a meal plan. Planning your meals will help you avoid unexpected blood sugar spikes.
- Lose weight: Your body will use insulin better if you burn off excess fat.