CINEMA

J.C Daniel

J.C Daniel

jcJ.C Daniel is the Indian film maker who is considered as the father of Malayalam cinema.He  shined as a  producer,director,photographer,writer,editor and actor. Vighathakumaran(the  lost child) which was the first Malayalam movie in the Malayalam movie industry.Produced and  directed by J.C Daniel.”The person behind the Malayalam Cinema”.

Daniel was born on 28th November 1900 in a Tamil Christian Nadar family in Agasteeswaram Taluk. He educated from Maharajas College ,Thiruvanathapuram .He was expert in Kalaripayattu.At the age of 15 he published an English book named Indian Art of Fencing and Sword Play .His parents are Dr  N .J Daniel and Njanambal .His wife is Janet and they have five children.It was  published in 1915.He was the  actor,photographer,editor and writer for movie Vighathakumaran. Travancore  National Pictures  is the studio that was build up by him .This was the first  studio in this  film industry.He  obtained funds for this  purpose,by selling a piece of land on the amount of Rs  400.000.P.K Rosie was  the  actress of this film.He made the skeleton and the body of that film.He did all  woks of that  film.This   movie  doesn’t contain the dialogue or sound.It was a mute film.By doing this film he pointed out the social significance. At  that time there were Indian film that was created on the basis of the   Puranas. The people are  not much bothered about cinema.

Films of social themes   were rare at that time. .The exhibition of the cinema  Vighathakumaran held at Trivandrum, the Capitol Theater on 7 November 1928.The movie was also screened in Alleppey at the Star Theater ,Quilon,Trichur, Tellichery and Nagercoil. The audience   received this movie with excitement Daniel  finally started  producing his  dream works by creating movies.He wished to  popularize Kalaripayattu threw cinema.He learned the techniques of film-making and acquired the  necessary  equipment s from Madras and Bombay.This movie doesn’t  became a commercial success.Daniel had to go throw painful way to fullfill his dream projects .He became indebted.In   order to pay all the  debts he sold all the  equipment s   and close down the studio.Again he went on to making  movie on the basis of the martial            arts, a documentary named Adithadi murai. After the completion of this film  he became poor.He left Trivandum,He  sold his wife’s property  and take a BDS degree from Bombay, rest of his life he lived as a dentist at Madurai. He was suffering  from poverty and spend his life in Agasteeswaram. At  his old age he applied for pension ,but the government rejected that request.

The  film journalist Chelangatt Gopalakrishnan worked much hard for Daniel to  obtaining  recognization of the Kerala  government that he as a Keralite. At last it became success.Government  recognized  him as a Keralite and the first movie maker in Malayalam film industry.In 1992 government of Kerala ,Department of Cultural Affairs  instituted J.C Daniel award in the honour of him.The most famous                  film director Kamal made a biopic  on Daniel  named Celluloid .This film is based on the novel Nashta Nayika written by Vinu and the left by the   life of  Daniel. Prithviraj and Mamtha mohandas play the important role in  this film.This film got seven Kerala State Awards for different categories.It is chosen as the best film in that year.

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