Facts You Should Know About Piles
Everyone has Hemorrhoids. However, when the hemorrhoids guarding anal passage become too big due to inflammation, so that the vein walls become stretched, thin and irritated by passing bowel movement that is when piles develop and women get by the increased pressure on these veins during pregnancy. About 52% of adults get piles symptoms by the age of 50.
Piles can be classified into two categories:
- Internal Piles : located far within the rectum, and can’t be seen or felt. The only symptom is usually bleeding. There are four types of internal piles which are explained below along with their Symptoms
1. Grade one : piles are little swelling inside the lining of our anus. They are not visible normally, so we can not see them. Grade 1 piles can bleed but they don’t protrude through the anus. This type of piles can make you mild discomfort and you can observe. The grade 1 piles symptoms are frequently seen as a cluster of tiny grapes and it happens from the anus. They are rarely painful unless infected.
2. Grade two: This kind of piles are bigger than Grade 1. They enlarge inside the anus and Grade 2 piles can get pushed out when passing a stool. Commonly these piles soon return back inside the anus. Normally they are annoying and painful. At this stage, the tissues start to weaken and these conditions slip out the anal canal. Grade 2 piles get soft unless its blood supply has been affected. These piles feel like it is coming through the anal hole.
3. Grade 3: Piles are frequently known as prolapsed hemorrhoids. These piles increase outside the anus and they can be returned back to by pushing with the finger. These piles cases are totally discomforting and it may be painful. Grade 3 piles develop near the border of the anus and it looks like a lump. They develop just outside the border and grade 3 piles develop in the frequently darkened area.
4. Grade 4: This kind of piles cannot be pushed back and they stay outside the anus all the time. This type of piles is large and they normally need a surgical treatment. Grade 4 piles are very painful and prone to infection. This type of piles normally feels like a hard lump on the outside of the anus. It can also cause a feeling of an unfinished evacuation of the bowel and grade 4 piles can be very painful.
- External piles : located around the anus right under skin where there are many pain sensing nerves. They therefore, hurt as well as bleed.
Other kind of piles include Fistulas that occur when an inflected anal gland bursts into the anal canal internally and then becomes a conduit for pus discharge to the anal skin area. The only treatment for Fistulas is a minor surgery.
Causes of piles
- Genetic predisposition to piles
- Chronic constipation
- Poor bathroom habits
- Lifting heavy weights
- Straining when passing stool
- Constipation and Diarrhea
- Lack of fiber in the diet
- Sitting for long periods of time on the toilet
- constant sitting or standing for long hours at stretch
How are piles treated
The treatment of piles varies for internal and external piles. Grade one and two of internal hemorrhoids is usually treated with medicine and a planned diet of fibrous non spicy food. In some cases the doctors may also prescribe a topical cream. Grade three of internal hemorrhoids is also treated with medicine and a change of diet but may require surgical intervention. Grade four internal piles requires prompt surgical intervention especially if gangrenous tissue is found.
To treat external piles your doctor might suggest hemorrhoid creams or ice packs to reduce the swelling.
Exercising can easily reduce the symptoms piles. such as:
- Brisk walking
- deep breathing exercises
- stretching exercises
Do not try to heal piles on yourself. The stages of piles can only be understood by specialists and doctors. Therefore, any symptoms one finds, hurry to the doctor.